INTRODUCTION TO WORLD ENGLISHES (Key Topics in Sosiolinguistics)


Penulis : 

Noldy Palenkahu  

Muhammad Ilham Ali 

William J. Pontoh 

Devilito Prasetyo Tatipang 


ISBN: 978-623-145-050-0



Desain Sampul dan Tata Letak:  



Penerbit : 

Mitra Ilmu 



Jl. Kesatuan 3 No. 11 Kelurahan Maccini Parang 

Kecamatan Makassar Kota Makassar 

Hp. 0813-4234-5219/081340021801 

Email :  

Website : 

Anggota IKAPI Nomor: 041/SSL/2022 


Cetakan pertama: April 2023 




Changes  in  demographics,  economic  motivations,  and 

language education policies may fluctuate users of English in these 

particular countries, thus blurring the lines between the outer circle 

and the wider circle. There is a nature.  

Kachru argues that it is important to consider each type of 

English in its own historical, political, sociolinguistic, and literary 

context. This concentric circle model not only shows that English 

is  widespread  all  over  the  world,  but  also  “pluralism,  linguistic 

heterogeneity,  cultural  diversity,  and  different  theoretical  and 

methodological approaches for teaching and research in English. 

emphasizes the "concept  of  social  foundations"  (1984,  p.  26).  ). 

Kachru  also  defines  the  quality  of  'indigenousness'  in  World 

English 'both in terms of its functional domain and reach, and the 

depth of its social penetration and consequent acculturation' (1997 

,  p.  68).  Communities  use  English  in  a  wider  range  of  social 

contexts  and  thus  gain  the  status  of  "native"  English  speakers. 

However, this process is shaped by the historical role of English in 

local communities (for example, as the language of colonial rule). 

It is this interplay between functionality and history that leads to 

the nativeization of English in a particular society or demographic. 

As a result, Kakul argues that English belongs not only to native 

speakers, but also to various non-native speakers around the world. 

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